Worldwide lockdowns reconfirm the need for strengthened international working group to domestic violence and stalkerware
The fight to protect consumers against stalkerware continues as eleven new organizations – AEquitas with its Stalking Prevention, Awareness, and Resource Center (SPARC), Anonyome Labs, AppEsteem Corporation, bff Bundesverband Frauenberatungsstellen und Frauennotrufe, Centre Hubertine Auclert, Copperhead, Corrata, Commonwealth Peoples’ Association of Uganda, Cyber Peace Foundation, F-Secure, and Illinois Stalking Advocacy Center – join the Coalition Against Stalkerware. Since its launch in November 2019, the Coalition Against Stalkerware now has 21 partners, including founding partners – Avira, Electronic Frontier Foundation, the European Network for the Work with Perpetrators of Domestic Violence, G DATA Cyber Defense, Kaspersky, Malwarebytes, The National Network to End Domestic Violence, NortonLifeLock, Operation Safe Escape, and WEISSER RING. The Coalition seeks to combine its partners’ expertise in domestic violence survivor support, digital rights advocacy, and cybersecurity to address the criminal behavior perpetrated by stalkerware and to raise general awareness about this important issue.
Domestic violence increases due to lockdowns
Growing the number of organizations united to fight stalkerware has never been more important than during these exceptionally difficult times. With lockdowns globally in place due to the COVID-19 pandemic, domestic violence incidents are increasing according to the US-based National Network to End Domestic Violence. Other Coalition partners from different territories report similar increases, and the United Nations (UN) recognizes this as well. In early April, the UN Deputy Secretary-General, Amina Mohammed, explained that worldwide, the negative consequences caused by lockdowns are borne more by women as their risk of suffering from domestic violence is more likely to increase. As well as physical abuse, many of these women need to be afraid of finding stalkerware on their phones. This is one of the most concerning problems resulting from domestic violence in general, not only during the ongoing pandemic, according to a bff survey conducted among women’s counselling and rape crisis centres in Germany.
With the goal of helping victims and educating the public about the dangers of stalkerware, the founding members of the Coalition created a standard definition and detection criteria for stalkerware, which did not previously exist. During the first few months of their efforts, the Coalition partners have focused on raising greater awareness of stalkerware advocacy organizations, journalists, and regulators through public speeches, events, publications, research, and collecting the cybersecurity vendors’ data on stalkerware.
To continue raising awareness about the issue of stalkerware, the Coalition Against Stalkerware has also produced an explanatory video available in six languages (English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish) that has been launched today. The aim is to provide helpful information for victims and survivors to better understand and detect the warning signs of stalkerware. The video lists common indicators to check if a user thinks they may have become a victim of stalkerware, and what steps they should and should not take.
The Coalition’s helpful online resource for stalkerware victims has also been made available in six different languages. Users can now find information about what stalkerware is, what it can do, how to detect it, and how to protect themselves in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese. For potentially affected users, the Coalition members recommend contacting local victim service organizations immediately.
Finally, another member of the Coalition – National Network to End Domestic Violence – has released a Documentation and Evidence Collection App. DocuSAFE is a free app available in English that helps survivors collect, store, and share evidence of abuse, such as harassing messages, online impersonation, or other images or videos documenting domestic violence, sexual assault, stalking, harassment, and dating violence. WEISSER RING also launched such an app last year, called “NO STALK” which is available in German. It is important to note that these apps should not be used on devices that one suspects may be monitored.
The Coalition Partners’ future goals include, but are not limited to: improving detection and mitigation of stalkerware, developing best practices for ethical software development, and increasing technical capacity of survivors and advocacy organizations.
“Stalking impacts an estimated 6-7.5 million people in a one-year period in the United States and 1 in 4 victims report being stalked through some form of technology. Providing education and information to survivors, those working to respond to the crime of stalking, as well as to our communities at large is an essential first step in enhancing the safety of stalking victims and holding those who perpetrate such crimes accountable. We are excited to join this coalition of non-profits and IT Security Companies to enhance our collaborative response to stalking.” - Jennifer Landhuis, Director, Stalking Prevention Awareness & Resource Center.
“Anonyome Labs Inc. empowers people to be able to determine what information they share, and how, when and with whom they share it. We provide victims and potential victims of harassment, violence and abuse real and effective tools for protecting their personal information. We are proud to join the important Coalition Against Stalkerware to help stop tech-facilitated violence and abuse.” – JD Mumford, Co-CEO, Anonyome Labs, Inc.
“We believe that any software that tracks people’s actions without their awareness or their consent is evil. But because the people who buy stalkerware do so knowingly, we know that the only way to eradicate stalkerware is through a coordinated and holistic effort that attacks not just the stalkerware vendors, but also punishes those who enable its distribution. We are happy to contribute to and work with the Coalition Against Stalkerware.” – Dennis Batchelder, President, AppEsteem Corporation
“In Germany, for several years, Women’s Counselling Centres and Rape Crisis Centres have noticed an increasing use of stalkerware in conjunction with partner relationships. During the coronavirus pandemic, digital communication is, for many, often the only remaining contact option. Monitoring of communication and media usage by a violent partner can result in escalating dynamics of violence and making it more difficult to get support and help. Now, and any other time, victims of intimate partner violence need to have the possibility to protect their privacy and use media free from violence.” – Ans Hartmann, Project Coordination “active against digital violence”, bff: federal association of rape crisis centres and women’s counselling
“According to the study on cyberviolence in intimate relationships, conducted by the Center Hubertine Auclert in France , 21% of victims have experienced the use of stalkerware by their abusive partner, 69% of victims have the feeling that their personal information on their smartphone has been accessed by their partner in a hidden way. The stalkerware is an important source of danger and distress for victims. The Coalition is a great opportunity to bring together the expertise of the IT security sector and of NGOs specialized on violence against women. This synergy on an international level will be fruitful to create together the best solutions for victims’ protection.” – Clémence Pajot, Director, Center Hubertine Auclert
“Stalkerware is a terrible extension of the current offence and defense race in the mobile security world. Individuals should expect and demand privacy from the systems they use and their mobile devices are no exception. Stalkerware is a gross invasion of privacy and personal security - the equivalent of having a firm of private investigators tracking your every move. Currently this can happen, with minimal effort, to individuals and corporations with their mobile devices. The Coalition Against Stalkerware is an important social movement to stop the spread of this invasion of liberty and freedom.” - James Donaldson, Director and CEO, Copperhead
“Stalkerware is an extremely harmful example of the kind of threat that Corrata’s technology is designed to guard against. We are delighted to join forces with the other members of the Alliance to protect users against targeted stalkerware attacks. Spying on a partner or family member’s mobile device is a complete invasion of privacy. Designed with user privacy in mind, Corrata fights against the rising menace of stalkerware.” - Colm Healy, CEO, Corrata
“Over the last 14 years, the Commonwealth Peoples’ Association of Uganda, as a non-governmental organization, has been at the forefront in promoting the use of information and communications technologies for development (“ICT4D”) among the youth for social change & development in addition of being a champion in making sure that the World Summit on the Information Society (“WSIS”) Declaration of Principles (2005) are being implemented in Uganda. Partnering in the Coalition Against Stalkerware enables our organization to share important information and to access capacity building opportunities to protect Internet users from this type of software throughout the country.” - Kiapi K. Frederick, Executive Director, Commonwealth Peoples’ Association of Uganda
“In recent times we have seen a sharp increase in stalkerware and spyware use. It is a matter of concern because many are ignorant about the existence of these applications and the negative impact it can have on security and privacy and society at large. Cyber Peace Foundation is committed to aligning all our initiatives in line with the collective vision of the Coalition against Stalkerware.” - Capt. Vineet Kumar, Founder & President, Cyber Peace Foundation
"Stalkerware evolved from the same culture of mass surveillance and data collection that pervades the internet. But these tools’ accessibility to individuals without much technical know-how or resources makes stalkerware a threat that rings closer to home for many, particularly those who are already victims or vulnerable to abuse. We’re committed to protecting F-Secure’s customers from the culture of pervasive surveillance and data collection that's consuming our digital lives, and we hope that joining this coalition of like-minded organizations will enable us to address this threat at a wider scale." - Christine Bejerasco, VP Tactical Defense Unit, F-Secure
“Stalking is unpredictable and can be dangerous which is why it is imperative for stalking advocates to thoroughly safety plan with their clients. The use of stalkerware in stalking cases often complicates efforts to safety plan with victims because it is often undetectable and even when stalkerware is suspected, there are often little resources available to remove stalkerware and prevent it from being reinstalled. Collaborating with the Coalition Against Stalkerware is an important first step to connect advocates and IT security professionals so we can work together to combat this growing problem.” - Kim Tipsord, Executive Director, Illinois Stalking Advocacy Center
“The Coalition Against Stalkerware is essential to the effort to coordinate academic researchers, law enforcement, anti-virus companies, and organizations working directly with survivors of domestic abuse and spying. The digital world is global, and so is domestic abuse, spying, and partner violence. I’m happy to see the Coalition welcome not just new technology companies, but also key voices from the Global South. I look forward to incorporating new threat models, so that the Coalition’s efforts can benefit survivors all over the world.” --Eva Galperin, Director of Cybersecurity Electronic Frontier Foundation
“More and more, service providers see themselves confronted with offline violence continuing online. Perpetrators of cyber stalking cause immeasurable harm and undermine victims’ sense of safety. The Coalition Against Stalkerware is a unique chance to bring together NGO and technical knowledge. We are proud to welcome new members to this incredible effort. Together, we will ensure perpetrator programmes have the necessary knowledge and resources to hold perpetrators accountable for their violence - offline and online.” - Anna McKenzie, Communications Manager, European Network for the Work with Perpetrators of Domestic Violence (WWP EN)
“No company or NGO can fight stalkerware alone - it takes a village. I am therefore very happy that many new members are joining the coalition to contribute to this crucial cause and bring in their respective skills and connections. Especially in this trying time domestic violence and espionage against partners is an important topic that needs much more awareness.” - Hauke Gierow, Spokesperson, G DATA CyberDefense”
"The threat of stalkerware is constantly on our radar. In April 2020 alone, we detected that 8,201 users worldwide had stalkerware installed on their mobile devices. While in April 2019, this number was 7,736. We see that statistics are changing from month to month and year to year. To further improve the detection of such software in the cybersecurity industry, we are glad to see more organizations joining the Coalition Against Stalkerware and therefore sharing our knowledge with and inside this group dedicated to protecting users against stalkerware. Beyond detection, further research on the link between cyberviolence, physical violence and the gendered nature of stalkerware use is crucial in order to develop a clearer picture and better understanding of this issue. For that we are proud to be working together with our fellow Coalition members," – Tatyana Shishkova, Senior Malware Analyst, Kaspersky
“Stalkerware is both a global and local human rights issue, and to address it, we’re seeking help from every region. Today, we are proud to welcome new members to the Coalition from around the world who bring community-based expertise both in researching the threats of stalkerware, and in providing support and proactive digital protections for domestic abuse survivors. With their help, we hope to develop more nuanced and informed strategies of prevention.” - David Ruiz, Online Privacy Advocate, Malwarebytes
“Survivors have the right to safety and privacy. We know that a safe home means that survivors have access to safe and secure devices free from stalking, monitoring and tracking. The National Network to End Domestic Violence is proud to partner with technologists, global advocacy organizations, and direct service providers to further the work around ending stalkerware as we all work to end violence for all.” - Erica Olsen, Director of the Safety Net Project at the National Network to End Domestic Violence
“In the last year, we have identified nearly 11,000 apps we consider to be stalkerware and have detected roughly 1,250 infected mobile devices monthly. As a founding member of the Coalition Against Stalkerware, NortonLifeLock takes digital and domestic violence seriously and has worked diligently to research the data, help define the issues and identify and report cases related to stalkerware. With the addition of eleven new organizations to the Coalition, we look forward to continuing to fight and protect consumers with more experts and organizations across the globe.” – Kevin Roundy, Technical Director, NortonLifeLock
“Increasingly, we’re seeing abusers, stalkers, and harassers using stalkerware tools to control and harm their victims. The effect can be devastating when a person impacted by those crimes doesn’t know when it’s safe to communicate or how to reach out for help. Fortunately, the actions of this coalition, strengthened by its newest members, continue to make significant progress in raising awareness and developing easy tools to allow even non-technical victims to detect stalkerware and take actions to protect themselves.” - Chris Cox, Director, Operation Safe Escape
“As a victim support organization, we know that victims suffer from stalking. Those who are affected rarely seek help, because they feel ashamed and blame themselves. Victims of stalkerware suffer particularly because of the far-reaching digital possibilities we have today: There are hardly any shelters left for them when cyberstalking pervades their digital lives. This not only limits the quality of life but also creates a feeling of powerlessness and the feeling that they are completely and utterly at somebody’s mercy. Even if stalking does not always leave visible marks, victims often react with strong psychological stress symptoms. We face such cases in our victim work. According to police crime statistics, there were almost 19,000 cases of stalking in Germany in 2018, 500 more than in the previous year. That is why we have developed the NO STALK app together with the WEISSER RING Stiftung to provide victims with an effective tool for documenting stalking. For us as WEISSER RING, it is important to offer support to those who are affected by stalking. We do so via the app to report the actions but mainly in personal conversations and support, for example when we accompany them to the police. The WEISSE RING is available to help over 700 stalking victims every year. Our civic engagement helps victims of crime to rebuild their lives after being victimized.” – Horst Hinger, Deputy Managing Director, WEISSER RING
About Coalition Against Stalkerware
The Coalition Against Stalkerware (“CAS” or “Coalition”) is a group dedicated to addressing abuse, stalking, and harassment via the creation and use of stalkerware. Currently comprised of direct service and international victim service agencies, as well as information technology security firms, the Coalition looks to bring together a diverse array of organizations to actively address the criminal behavior perpetrated through stalkerware and raise public awareness about this important issue. Due to the high societal relevance for users all over the globe, with new variants of stalkerware emerging periodically, the Coalition Against Stalkerware is open to new partners and calls for cooperation. To find out more about the Coalition Against Stalkerware please visit the official website www.stopstalkerware.org
 WIRED article, “Tech Is a Double-Edged Lifeline for Domestic Violence Victims”, 28 April 2020.
 As examples:
In France, the Centre Hubertine Auclert explains that there is a 50 % increase of calls to the main helpline for domestic violence victims (helpline 3919 of the Fédération Nationale Solidarité Femmes).
For India, the Cyber Peace Foundation refers to the National Commission for Women (NCW) reporting 587 complaints on their helpline number and online portal since the lockdown kicked into effect in March. Also, Cyber Peace Foundation states that 89% of the total number of cases registered to legal services authorities across the country were of domestic violence.
In Europe, the European Network for the Work with Perpetrators of Domestic Violence (WWP-EN) said that their members reported significant increases in activity.
 UN News “UN backs global action to end violence against women and girls amid COVID-19 crisis”, 6 April 2020.
 bff report “Digitalization of gender specific violence” 2017.
 Website by the NNEDV, DocuSAFE: Documentation and Evidence Collection App.
 Website by WEISSER RING, NO STALK.